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Comparison Charts for APA, MLA, and CMS References

January 6, 2021 by ProofreadingPal in APA, MLA

In-Text Citations

 APA 7th EditionMLA 8th EditionCMS 17th Edition Author-Date (A-D)CMS 17th Edition Notes and Bibliography (NB)
Type of citationParentheticalParentheticalParentheticalShortened footnotes (see below for example of full notes)
Single author(Smith, 2020, p. 2)(Smith 2)(Smith 2020, 2)1 Smith, Magnetic Fields,2.
Two authors(Belsky & Jones, 2020, p. 100)(Belsky and Jones 100)(Belsky and Jones 2020, 100)2 Belsky and Jones, “History of Refrigeration,”100.
Three authors(Santori et al., 2020, p. 50­–51)(Santori et al. 50-51)(Santori, Liefson, and Chang 2020, 50-51)3 Santori, Liefson, and Chang, “The Light,”50-51
Four+ authors(Mohamed et al., 2020)(Mohamed et al.)(Mohamed et al. 2020)4 Mohamed et al., “Ice-Covered Trails”

Notes (referring to all styles unless specified):

2 Karen Belsky and Margaret Jones, “The History of Refrigeration,” Journal of Technology 123, no. 4 (June 2020): 100.

End-of-Text References

 APAMLACMS A-DCMS NB
Title of reference listings pageReferencesWorks CitedReferencesBibliography
BookSmith, K. P. (2020). Magnetic Fields. Balbuk Press.Smith, Kip. Magnetic Fields.  Balbuk Press, 2020.Smith, Kip. Magnetic Fields. 2020. New York:Balbuk Press.Smith, Kip. Magnetic Fields. New York:Balbuk Press, 2020.
Chapter from edited volumeSantori, W., Liefson, P., & Chang, L. (2020). The light: Everyday thoughts. In J. M. Martens (Ed.), Wrongful actions (pp. 50–51). Kingston Publishing.Santori, Weston, Pauline Liefson, and Lou Chang. “The Light: Everyday Thoughts.” Wrongful Actions, edited byJennie Martens, Kingston Publishing, 2020, pp. 50-51.Santori, Weston, Pauline Liefson, and Lou Chang. 2020. “The Light: Everyday Thoughts.” In Wrongful Actions, edited byJennie Martens, 50-51. Chicago: Kingston Publishing.Santori, Weston, Pauline Liefson, and Lou Chang. “The Light: Everyday Thoughts.” In Wrongful Actions, edited byJennie Martens, 50-51. Chicago: Kingston Publishing, 2020.
Journal articleBelsky K. & Jones, M. (2020). The history of refrigeration.Journal of Technology, 123(4), 98–112.Belsky Karen and Margaret Jones. “The History of Refrigeration.”Journal of Technology, vol. 123, no. 4, 2020,  pp. 98-112.Belsky Karen and Margaret Jones. 2020. “The History of Refrigeration.”Journal of Technology 123, no. 4 (June): 98-112.Karen Belsky and Margaret Jones. “The History of Refrigeration.” Journal of Technology 123, no. 4 (June 2020): 98-112.
NewspaperMohamed, F., Johnson, E. R., Rabbit, G., & Kong, D. C. (2020, December 4). The ice-covered trails of Wildwood Forest. Charleston Daily. 3B.Mohamed, Faroud, Edward R. Johnson, George Rabbit, and Daniel C. Kong. “The Ice-Covered Trails of Wildwood Forest.” Charleston Daily. 4 Dec. 2020, p.3BMohamed, Faroud, Edward R. Johnson, George Rabbit, and Daniel C. Kong. 2020. “The Ice-Covered Trails of Wildwood Forest.” Charleston Daily, December 4, 2020.Mohamed, Faroud, Edward R. Johnson, George Rabbit, and Daniel C. Kong. “The Ice-Covered Trails of Wildwood Forest.” Charleston Daily, December 4, 2020.
Online NewspaperMohamed, F., Johnson, E. R., Rabbit, G., & Kong, D. C. (2020, December 4). The ice-covered trails of Wildwood Forest. Charleston Daily. http://www.charlestondaily.comMohamed, Faroud, Edward R. Johnson, George Rabbit, and Daniel C. Kong. “The Ice-Covered Trails of Wildwood Forest.” Charleston Daily. 4 Dec. 2020. http://www.charlestondaily.com/science/the-ice-covered-trails . Accessed 10 Dec. 2020.Mohamed, Faroud, Edward R. Johnson, George Rabbit, and Daniel C. Kong. 2020. “The Ice-Covered Trails of Wildwood Forest.” Charleston Daily, December 4, 2020. http://www.charlestondaily.com/science/the-ice-covered-trails .Mohamed, Faroud, Edward R. Johnson, George Rabbit, and Daniel C. Kong. “The Ice-Covered Trails of Wildwood Forest.” Charleston Daily, December 4, 2020. http://www.charlestondaily.com/science/the-ice-covered-trails .
WebpageOhio Department of Education. (2020). COVID standardized testing update. http://education.ohio.gov/testing/COVIDCOVID standardized testing update. Ohio Department of Education, 14 Dec. 2020, http://education.ohio.gov/testing/COVID. Accessed 20 Dec. 2020Ohio Department of Education. 2020. “COVID standardized testing update.” Testing. Last modified April 1, 2020. http://education.ohio.gov/testing/COVIDOhio Department of Education. “COVID standardized testing update.” Testing. Last modified April 1, 2020. http://education.ohio.gov/testing/COVID

Notes:

Sarah P.

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