Guide to Transitions: Sentences

April 17, 2021 by ProofreadingPal in Writing Guides

Last time, we talked about transitioning from topic to topic, which means from paragraph to paragraph. This time, let’s talk about the “micro-transitions” that occur inside the paragraph, sometimes from sentence to sentence and sometimes inside sentences.


Plotting Fiction: The MICE Ratio

April 7, 2021 by ProofreadingPal in Writing Fiction

When a single thematic element predominates in a story, it suggests a particular narrative structure. When the ratio is more balanced, things can get tricky.


Tips to Follow Directions in Writing Assignments

March 31, 2021 by ProofreadingPal in Essays

In today’s post, I’ll share my thoughts on another relatable lesson. Good writers follow directions! Following directions is key in most activities, especially for writing assignments, which are most often accompanied by extensive written directions.


Quick Guide to Transitions: Paragraphs

March 27, 2021 by ProofreadingPal in Writing Guides

Transitions are essential to making sense in a proposition or argument, so it’s little wonder that writers tend to get wordy with them. Transitions hold the entire proposal together, keeping your essay/report/letter/memo/dissertation from just sounding like a lot of unrelated ideas.


Plotting Fiction: The Event Story

March 20, 2021 by ProofreadingPal in Writing Fiction

The event story is similar to the character story in that both deal with disruptions to the status quo. A character story hinges on the protagonist’s desire to change their position in the world. In an event story, the world itself is changing. The established order—for good or bad—is under threat. The story ends with the reassertion of the old order, or the establishment of some new order.


Tips for Great Business Letters

February 27, 2021 by ProofreadingPal in Business Proofreading and Editing

Whether writing a cover letter for a job application, a letter of resignation, a note to a colleague, or other professional communication, you want that letter to clearly put your best foot forward and not draw flaming red arrows to your weaknesses. In today’s post, I’ll offer tips to help you write great business correspondence.


Plotting Fiction: The Character Story

February 23, 2021 by ProofreadingPal in Writing Fiction

Your internal state evolves with your external circumstances. Big life events can have a profound effect on the person you are—that is, on your character. When that job works out, anxiety gives way to a new sense of belonging; romantic disappointment resolves into resignation, and then into compassion.


How to Make a Table of Contents in MS Word: Basics

February 6, 2021 by ProofreadingPal in Editing Tools

MS Word’s Table of Contents (ToC) feature works quite well and is more than worth the effort, especially for long documents, as it not only updates the numbers as you edit and revise but also gives you a way to quickly navigate to different sections.


Plotting Fiction: The Idea Story

January 30, 2021 by ProofreadingPal in Writing Fiction

he idea story builds suspense by withholding information. The resolution comes when the hidden information is revealed. The action often follows the process of uncovering the hidden knowledge. It is the natural structure, then, for mystery stories that begin when a crime occurs and climax when the detective reveals who did it and how and for certain subgenres of hard SF, where a scientific problem presents itself and the heroes work toward a solution or explanation.


Comparison Charts for CSE, IEEE, and AMA References

January 27, 2021 by ProofreadingPal in Professional Writing

A handy chart of more English styles: CSEm IEEE, and AMA.


Quick Guide to Common Old-School Abbreviations

January 13, 2021 by ProofreadingPal in Grammar

This quick guide to some of the most common, old-school, and occasionally forgotten abbreviations should help you stay on track.


Comparison Charts for APA, MLA, and CMS References

January 6, 2021 by ProofreadingPal in APA, MLA

A handy chart of the major English styles: Chicago, MLA, and APA.


Plotting Fiction: The Milieu Story

January 6, 2021 by ProofreadingPal in Writing Fiction

Exactly what sort of payoff you need to deliver will be determined by the kind of story you’re telling. Over the next months, we’ll look in greater detail at the four story types laid out in my previous blog post. Today, we’ll consider the milieu story: what it is, where it starts, and how it ends.


Microsoft Word: Inserting Symbols

December 9, 2020 by ProofreadingPal in Editing Tools

Ever wonder how documents manage to have text that isn’t on your keyboard? Ever wonder what some of those things mean?


Are You a Better Writer than a Fifth Grader?

December 3, 2020 by ProofreadingPal in Writing Guides

After freelance proofreading, editing, and writing and doing small-group literacy and math intervention for the past nine years, I find teaching ten-year-olds reading and writing this year a fascinating, eye-opening, and challenging experience. Reflecting on lessons I’ve learned teaching kids to write this fall, I realized that what my students struggle with is what writers of all ages struggle with, just at a different level.


3 Warnings for Using a Thesaurus

November 21, 2020 by ProofreadingPal in Editing Tools

In my teaching and editing experience, there are three basic thesaurus user types: EFLs, native speakers who feel their vocabulary is limited and want to “sound smart,” and people who actually know what they’re doing with this literary version of a loaded gun.


Plotting Fiction: Beginnings and Endings

November 18, 2020 by ProofreadingPal in Writing Fiction

A story demands resolution. The promise of a solution to a mystery, or generally an answer to a question, is what keeps audience turning pages. There are few things more frustrating than an ending that comes too soon or too late.


How to Capitalize Medicine

November 5, 2020 by ProofreadingPal in Grammar

In today’s post, I will write about a related topic: capitalization of medication names. The rule is simple, and it’s essentially the same as the rule for capitalizing diseases and most other things.


“Was Done by the Researcher” Must Die

October 23, 2020 by ProofreadingPal in Writing Guides

Plotting Fiction: Get Your Facts Straight, Part 2

October 15, 2020 by ProofreadingPal in Writing Fiction

There’s an old adage in journalism: “If your mother says she loves you, check it out.” If you’re writing fiction, you needn’t go that far; the details of your characters’ lives and relationships need only be internally consistent. But you are ultimately responsible for vouchsafing every aspect of your story’s world—its historical, political, natural, and technological environment—that you have not invented from whole cloth.


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